Bulkley Dunton
Paper Services

We are the largest paper supplier focused on the publishing industry in North America.

We have a unique ability to simplify and compress supply chain logistics to drive out unnecessary costs and inefficiencies while maintaining critical product quality, so you can purchase paper at the highest quality, for less.

As a paper distributor with over 180 years of experience, we’re proud to offer you a deep understanding of the print industry, strong global partnerships, and a commitment to explore innovative solutions.

Propel your business forward when you purchase paper through a comprehensive paper supply management program.
Our paper brokers save you significant money and time by managing every aspect of paper procurement for you.

Get started with paper sourcing supply management >

Become more efficient and knowledgeable about your paper usage.
We’ll help you uncover efficiencies throughout the supply chain by analyzing postal consumption, conducting environmental assessments and more.

Explore our advisory services >

Estimate cost savings, paper needs, and more.
Many considerations go into selecting the right paper for your project. Our tools can help.

Crunch the numbers >

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Gain a comprehensive distribution solution.
As a part of Veritiv, one of the world’s largest print and packaging companies, BD can help you gain control and insight into other cost centers such as packaging, distribution, and logistics.

Learn more >

Paper Sourcing and Supply Management

Work with a leading paper supplier that sources and delivers precisely the paper you need, when you need it.

To prosper in a crowded market, your paper must be exceptional—and priced well.

We understand the market pressures, and your need to balance paper product quality and cost reduction. Our paper consultants will help you exceed your marketing and financial objectives by reducing costs, increasing efficiency, and improving profits while maintaining your environmental compliance.

Bulkley Dunton’s sophisticated paper management program:

  • Provides customized market research, insights, and cost saving options to improve operations
  • Provides transparency in spend by keeping track of your actual paper usage and inventory
  • Actively optimizes your program to increase efficiency and decrease costs
  • Matches you with top paper mills that can supply the right paper at the right cost
  • Handles procurement and workflow, so you don’t have to
  • Negotiates with paper mills and resolves problems and challenges

See how our unrivaled network of paper mills benefits you >

Top-tier clients in book, magazine, catalog and retail choose us as their paper supplier to manage their paper products and optimize their supply chain.

We serve the biggest names in the industry, as well as small businesses, scaling our programs to suit individual company needs.

We are the largest paper company in the U.S. to focus on publishing, offering innovative supply chain solutions for the following markets:

Learn more about our specializations >

We provide the latest technology to simplify paper ordering and procurement.

Our paper management system connects you to the paper products that are essential to your business, and if you need inventory management assistance, BD will help you gain visibility into cash flow patterns, budgets and order frequency. We offer fully integrated EDI programs that are ready to send and accept common business transactions including purchase orders, acknowledgements, invoices and more.

Let Bulkley Dunton tackle the challenges of securing your paper and put your valuable talent to work conquering your market.

Paper Advisory Services

Enlist the paper company that educates and advises top-tier companies.

We’ve built an incredible foundation of knowledge over the years that you’ll find useful in selecting the right paper, improving costs, optimizing paper consumption, and becoming more sustainable.

Paper Consulting Services

Paper Consumption and Postal Analyses
We can provide a comprehensive evaluation of your annual paper consumption, product and basis weight specifications, finished sizes, printers’ waste, piece weight and related postal costs to determine where manufacturing efficiencies can be made—and where you can save.

Environmental Assessments
Are you as “green” as you’d like to be? We can perform an environmental audit that quantifies your current practices and outlines scenarios for change.

Budgetary Reviews and Forecasting
Timely reviews of paper costs and anticipated expenditures can help you plan.  

Paper Product Development
When it’s necessary to look beyond the standard available grades, we can work with you to develop fully customized products.

Comprehensive Paper Mill and Product Comparisons

This valuable report provides in-depth reviews and comparisons of all mills and products that produce sheets of comparable quality. It gives you visibility into all the products you can choose from, so you have clarity about your options and can make the most informed decisions.

Paper Education Programs

BD offers insights specifically for educators, publishers, direct marketers and others who can benefit from deeper knowledge of the paper industry.

Speakers Bureau
With access to a vast pool of highly regarded and knowledgeable industry experts, we can provide professional speakers who will facilitate an on-site program for your company, including mill and industry representatives, environmental experts and financial specialists.

Paper Mill Tours
Visit a manufacturing site to see how paper is made. Tours include experiencing the manufacturing process, research and development departments, environmental presentations, and wood yard and woodlands (where available).

Become more efficient in and knowledgeable about your paper usage.

Basis Weight Converter to GSM

Select the basic size and enter the basis weight.

 Online Calculation

  Note: The results of the Interactive Calculations System are estimates and are not guaranteed by Veritiv Corporation.

FPO. BLANK ON LIVE SITE.

Weight of Odd Number of Sheets

To determine the weight of an odd number of sheets, multiply the M Weight by the number of sheets; divide the result by 1,000.

Online Calculation

 lbs.
 

Specifications

Formula

Weight per M Sheet x No. of Sheets
1000
= Total Weight
 

Example

Find the weight of 1,365 sheets, 25x38, 60lb. 120M Offset paper.
120 x 1,365
1000
= 163.8 lbs.

Note: The results of the Interactive Calculations System are estimates and are not guaranteed by Veritiv Corporation.

Sheet Density

To determine the density of any given sheet, divide the basis weight by the caliper.

Online Calculation

 lbs. per point
 

Specifications

Formula

Basis Weight
Caliper
= Density
 

Example

Find the density of a sheet of 118lb. Carolina C2S Cover paper with caliper of .008
118
8
14.75 lbs. per point
  Note: Caliper is expressed in the formula as a whole number.   Note: The results of the Interactive Calculations System are estimates and are not guaranteed by Veritiv Corporation.

Roll Weight

To find the approximate weight of a roll, multiply roll diameter squared minus core diameter squared by roll width and appropriate factor.

 Online Calculation

lbs.
 

Specifications

Factor Chart

Type Dia Type Dia
Antique 0.018 Tag and Index 0.026
Vellum Offset 0.020 C1S Label 0.032
Bond 0.021 C2S Cover 0.033
Smooth Offset 0.022 C1S Cover & Blanks 0.030
Vellum Bristol Cover 0.022 C2S Coated Freesheet 0.037
Coated Groundwood & SC 0.032

Formula

[ (Roll Dia²) - (Core Dia²) ] x Roll Width x Factor = Roll Weight
 

Example

Find the weight of roll of forms bond paper with a roll diameter of 40 inches, a core diameter of 3 inches, and a roll width of 17.5 inches.
[ (40x40) - (3x3) ] x 17.5 x .021 = 585 lbs.
Note: .021 is the appropriate factor for forms bond paper. Note: The results of the Interactive Calculations System are estimates and are not guaranteed by Veritiv Corporation.

Ream Weights

To determine the ream weight of any given size sheet, multiply the square inches in the given size by the given basis weight; divide the result by the square inch area of the basic size.

Online Calculation

 X 
 lbs per ream
 

Specifications

Rounding Rules

Sheet Size Ream Weights
864 inches² or larger Ream Weight calculated to nearest pound. (166 lbs.)
336 inches² to 864 inches² Ream Weight calculated to nearest half pound. (166.5 lbs.)
Less than 336 inches² Ream Weight calculated to nearest one hundredth of a pound. (166.55 lbs.)
 

Basic Sizes

Bond 17 x 22 = 374 Square Inches
Book and Offset 25 x 38 = 950 Square Inches
Tag 24 x 36 = 864 Square Inches
Index 25.5 x 30.5 = 778 Square Inches
Vellum Bristol 22.5 x 30.5 = 686 Square Inches
Coated Cover 1S/C2S 24 x 36 = 864 Square Inches
Coated Cover C2S 20 x 26 = 520 Square Inches
C1S Label 25 x 38 = 950 Square Inches
Opaque Cover 20 x 26 = 520 Square Inches
 

Formula

Sheet Size x Basis Weight
Basic Size
= Ream Weight
 

Example

Find the ream weight of a sheet of 43x61, basis 60lb. Offset paper.
(43x61) x 60
25 x 38
=
157,280
950
= 166 lbs. Per Ream

Note:The results of the Interactive Calculations System are estimates and are not guaranteed by Veritiv Corporation.

Pages/Inch

To determine the pages per inch (PPI), divide 2 by the caliper of the given sheet.

Online Calculation

 pages per inch

Specifications

Formula

2
Caliper
= Pages Per Inch
 

Example

Find the pages per inch for the Coated Cover Paper with a caliper of .010
2
.010
= 200 Pages Per Inch
  Note: The results of the Interactive Calculations System are estimates and are not guaranteed by Veritiv Corporation.

M Weights

The ream weight is the weight of 500 sheets; the M weight is the weight of 1,000 sheets. The M weight can be obtained by first finding the ream weight, rounding it by the rounding rules, then multiplying by 2.

Online Calculation

X
 lbs.
 

Rounding Rules

 Sheet Size  Ream Weights
864 inches² or larger Ream Weight calculated to nearest pound. (166 lbs.)
336 inches² to 864 inches² Ream Weight calculated to nearest half pound. (166.5 lbs.)
Less than 336 inches² Ream Weight calculated to nearest one hundredth of a pound. (166.55 lbs.)

Basic Sizes

Bond 17 x 22 = 374 Square Inches
Book and Offset 25 x 38 = 950 Square Inches
Tag 24 x 36 = 864 Square Inches
Index 25.5 x 30.5 = 778 Square Inches
Vellum Bristol 22.5 x 28.5 = 641 Square Inches
Coated Cover 1S/C2S 24 x 36 = 864 Square Inches
Coated Cover C2S 20 x 26 = 520 Square Inches
C1S Label 25 x 38 = 950 Square Inches
Opaque Cover 20 x 26 = 520 Square Inches
  Note: The results of the Interactive Calculations System are estimates and are not guaranteed by Veritiv Corporation.

Linear Footage

To find the approximate linear footage in a roll of paper, multiply the weight of the roll by the square inches of basic size by 500. Divide by the sum representing the width of the roll, multiplied by the substance or basis weight, times 12.

Online Calculation

X
 linear feet
 

Specifications

Rounding Rules

Sheet Size Ream Weights
864 inches² or larger Ream Weight calculated to nearest pound. (166 lbs.)
336 inches² to 864 inches² Ream Weight calculated to nearest half pound. (166.5 lbs.)
Less than 336 inches² Ream Weight calculated to nearest one hundredth of a pound. (166.55 lbs.)
 

Basic Sizes

Bond 17 x 22 = 374 Square Inches
Book and Offset 25 x 38 = 950 Square Inches
Tag 24 x 36 = 864 Square Inches
Index 25.5 x 30.5 = 778 Square Inches
Vellum Bristol 22.5 x 30.5 = 686 Square Inches
Coated Cover 1S/C2S 24 x 36 = 864 Square Inches
Coated Cover C2S 20 x 26 = 520 Square Inches
C1S Label 25 x 38 = 950 Square Inches
Opaque Cover 20 x 26 = 520 Square Inches
 

Formula

Roll Weight x Area of Basic Size x 500
Basis Weight x Roll Width x 12<
Approximate Linear Footage
 

Example

Find the footage of a roll of basis 50lb. Offset paper, 26" wide and weighing 100lbs.
100 x (25x38) x 500
(50x26) x 12
3,044.87 linear feet
  Note: The results of the Interactive Calculations System are estimates and are not guaranteed by Veritiv Corporation.

GSM to Basis Weight Converter

Select the basic size and enter the grams per square meter.

 Online Calculation

lbs.


Note: The results of the Interactive Calculations System are estimates and are not guaranteed by Veritiv Corporation.

Equivalent Basis Weights Chart

In reams (500 sheets); basis weights in bold type:  

Book

Book 25x38 Bond 17x22 Cover 20x26 Bristol 22½x28½ Index 25½x30½ Tag 24x36 Metric g/m²
30 12 16 20 25 27 44
40 16 22 27 33 36 59
45 18 25 30 37 41 67
50 20 27 34 41 45 74
60 24 33 40 49 55 89
70 28 38 47 57 64 104
80 31 44 54 65 73 118
90 35 49 60 74 82 133
100 39 55 67 82 91 148
120 47 66 80 98 109 187
 

Bond

Book 25x38Bond 17x22Cover 20x26Bristol 22½x28½Index 25½x30½Tag 24x36Metric g/m²
33 13 18 22 27 30 49
41 16 22 27 33 37 61
51 20 28 34 42 46 75
61 24 33 41 50 56 90
71 28 39 48 58 64 105
81 32 45 55 67 74 120
91 36 50 62 75 83 135
102 40 66 69 83 93 158
 

Cover

Book 25x38 Bond 17x22 Cover 20x26 Bristol 22½x28½ Index 25½x30½ Tag 24x36 Metric g/m²
91 36 50 62 75 82 135
110 43 60 74 90 100 163
119 47 65 80 97 100 163
146 58 80 99 120 134 216
164 66 90 111 135 149 243
183 72 100 124 150 166 271
 

Vellum Bristol

Book 25x38 Bond 17x22 Cover 20x26 Bristol 22½x28½ Index 25½x30½ Tag 24x36 Metric g/m²
110 39 54 67 81 91 148
120 47 65 80 98 109 178
148 58 81 100 121 135 219
176 70 97 120 146 162 261
207 82 114 140 170 189 306
237 93 130 160 194 216 351
 

Index

Book 25x38 Bond 17x22 Cover 20x26 Bristol 22½x28½ Index 25½x30½ Tag 24x36 Metric g/m²
110 43 60 74 90 100 163
135 53 74 91 110 122 203
170 67 93 115 140 156 252
208 82 114 140 170 189 328
 

Tag

Book 25x38Bond 17x22Cover 20x26Bristol 22½x28½Index 25½x30½Tag 24x36Metric g/m²
110 43 60 74 90 100 163
137 54 75 93 113 125 203
165 65 90 111 135 150 244
192 76 105 130 158 175 284
220 87 120 148 180 200 326
275 109 151 186 225 250 407
Note: The results of the Interactive Calculations System are estimates and are not guaranteed by Veritiv Corporation..

Basis Weight Conversion Chart

Lbs./ 25 x 38" 500 g/m2
1
1.48
38
56.2
55
81.4
27
40.0
39
57.7
57
84.4
28
41.4
40
59.2
58
85.8
30
44.4
41
60.7
60
88.8
31
45.9
44
65.1
61
90.3
33
48.8
45
66.6
68
100.6
34
50.3
47
69.6
74
109.5
35
51.8
50
74.0
78
115.4
36
53.3
51
75.5
90
133.2
37
54.8
54
79.9
100
148.0


Conversion Factors

GSM/1.48 = 25 x 38 Book Weight
GSM/2.7042 = 20 x 26 Cover Weight